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Cryptocurrency & Block-Chain

The modern times and the sway in legal opinion has made the time ripe for the emergence of cryptocurrencies in India. As per the results of a survey conducted by Paxful, a peer-to-peer Bitcoin marketplace, 3 out of 4 people who have some understanding of virtual currencies, have invested into it. Before 2018, the cryptocurrency market in India was adding up to 3, 00,000 new customers every month. However, with the decision of Reserve Bank of India in 2018, to temporarily ban the cryptocurrencies and their trading in India for two years, this growth figure plummeted. However, in spite of the harsh government stance on Cryptocurrency the growth figures haven’t completely declined.

With the recent Supreme Court judgment overruling the ban, the sandboxing period of the cryptocurrency market in India has come to an official end. This has been seen as a welcome move by many cryptocurrency investment enthusiasts. The main reason behind this great enthusiasm to invest in this is attributed to the financial freedom that such investment provides. This is largely reflected in the Indian people opinion regarding the regulation of cryptocurrencies, where 75% of the respondents are against government intervention in the field of virtual currencies. They however advocate the usage of basic Know Your Customer procedure for providing legitimacy to cryptocurrency based transactions. However, the Indian market demand is not just limited to this aspect.

The Indian Market is witnessing all time highest unemployment rates. The ever rising rates have beaten the previous 45 years of unemployment rate records. With this the sword of further deterioration looms on the head of employees in Indian Market. Thus, the Indians are welcoming these cryptocurrencies with the aim that not only will they provide financial security and stability but also will help us in boosting the employment rates in Indian Market. The trend in investment is changing too. People are seen to lean towards investing in cryptocurrency and this recorded percentage is higher than what has been ever recorded. This can signal towards the return of certain companies like Zebpay, which had to retract from the Indian market after the Reserve Bank of India guidelines, making any trading activity in cryptocurrency illegal. All this is bound to take off investment from the traditional markets, which would lead to an economic slump in the start. But with the passage of time, the market would distribute the resources and would stabilize in the longer run, but indeed the short term effects would look drastic.

The point about cryptocurrency is that the guidelines regulating it are still very foggy and nothing can be construed about its future. Though the government is trying to promote its usage, the stance of government is not clear. The policies are aimed at promoting it, but the regulations are very restrictive which makes it extremely hard to adopt. The whole issue boils up to one single point: Is it safe to invest in Cryptocurrency at this point of time? It’s hard to comment with the limited information we have, but analyzing the current trends we can indeed say- Yes. With reports and statements of RBI pointing towards launch of a cryptocurrency by RBI, it is indeed clear that no situation of ban is possible in the near future. However, this would again force you to raise brows as to why RBI is introducing a cryptocurrency of its own?

As reported earlier, India along with other BRICS countries are mulling to introduce their own common cryptocurrency to counter US Dollars and US based companies. Though there is no official confirmation in this regard. However, for the last two years, there has been a buzz about India, China and Russia developing their own fiat cryptocurrencies, to emerge as pioneers in the global market. While Dubai, Venezuela, and few other countries have already made their plans official, India’s crypto plans and developments have rather been on a slow track. The Reserve Bank of India said that it is seriously thinking about developing a sovereign digital currency in the country and will be releasing it appropriately when the system and time is right. However, the RBI’s stance on the ban of private cryptocurrency still remains foggy and unclear. The current governor of Reserve Bank of India Shaktikanta Das said that the cryptocurrency issuance is a sovereign mandate and will not be handed over to a private company, as there is a huge challenge around money laundering, and this is the reason why RBI put the ban on it for the first time. Das also was of the opinion that the technology is still in the nascent stage at the moment, and it will take time to launch the cryptocurrency into the global competitive market. “It’s too early,” he added.

The present stance of Indian market is very confusing. At one hand we have the high perspectives of getting better employment, financial security, financial advancement, etc. and on the other we have the odds of losing all in this great gamble of ours. However, one fact cannot be denied that cryptocurrencies are indeed the future of transactions on global scale. But what needs to be associated with this fact is the sheer risk it poses to the stability of an economy. We have seen the value of cryptocurrencies skyrocketing at once and then plummeting the very next minute. The market for cryptocurrency is still very nascent and it shall be a misjudgment to make any comment with the limited amount of information in the public domain. So, the best we can do is wait and analyze the situation, and then take any further action. For that we need to understand is that on one side, if utilized properly Cryptocurrencies can be Boon to the economy, but on the other side any mal-implementation can have disastrous consequences too.

What is “crypto” Cryptocurrency:

A cryptocurrency (or “crypto”) is a digital currency that can be used to buy goods and services, but uses an online ledger with strong cryptography to secure online transactions. Much of the interest in these unregulated currencies is to trade for profit, with speculators at times driving prices skyward. In another way Cryptocurrency is a form of payment that can be exchanged online for goods and services. Many companies have issued their own currencies, often called tokens, and these can be traded specifically for the good or service that the company provides. Think of them as you would arcade tokens or casino chips. You’ll need to exchange real currency for the cryptocurrency to access the good or service. Cryptocurrencies work using a technology called “Blockchain”.

What is Blockchain: Blockchain is a decentralized technology spread across many computers that manages and records transactions. Part of the appeal of this technology is its security. Best cryptocurrencies by market capitalization: These are the 10 largest trading cryptocurrencies by market capitalization as tracked by Coin-Market-Cap, a cryptocurrency data and analytics provider.


Market Capitalization


$1.2 trillion


$263.4 billion

Binance Coin

$87 billion


$81.8 billion


$45.4 billion


$44.7 billion


$39.3 billion


$18.8 billion


$18.1 billion


$14.9 billion

Why are cryptocurrencies so popular ?

Cryptocurrencies appeal to their supporters for a variety of reasons. Here are some of the most popular:

  1. Supporters see cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin as the currency of the future and are racing to buy them now, presumably before they become more valuable.
  1. Some supporters like the fact that cryptocurrency removes central banks from managing the money supply, since over time these banks tend to reduce the value of money via inflation
  1. Other supporters like the technology behind cryptocurrencies, the blockchain, because it’s a decentralized processing and recording system and can be more secure than traditional payment systems
  1. Some speculators like cryptocurrencies because they’re going up in value and have no interest in the currencies’ long-term acceptance as a way to move money

Is Cryptocurrency Legal in India?

Currently, it’s most accurate to say cryptocurrency isn’t illegal. While the government gave notice that it was looking at banning cryptocurrencies in January, the issue came to a head — publicly, at any rate — on Mar. 14. That day, an unnamed “senior official” told Reuters that the complete ban would be included in The Cryptocurrency and Regulation of Official Digital Currency Bill 2021. It will reportedly include a three to six-month grace period to sell off holdings and wind down mining and other related businesses. After that fines would be levied. However, that very day, Indian Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman told the India Today Conclave that — while regulations were coming — the government would not “shut off all cryptocurrency” as it recognized that many financial technology (fintech) companies need to experiment with blockchain technology. The finance ministry “will allow certain windows for people to do experiments on blockchain, bitcoins, or cryptocurrency,” she said, according to Business Standard.

In mid-April, Decrypt noted that a junior minister, Anurag Thakur, the Indian Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs, said that the pending legislation would protect investors against price volatility in the cryptocurrency market — something some industry insiders took as a sign that a regulatory framework is coming, rather than a full ban.

Keep Bitcoin Legal:

India’s crypto industry has been pushing hard for such a regulatory framework, with the Internet and Mobile Association of India’s Blockchain and Crypto Assets Council (BACC) welcoming the government’s decision to make it mandatory for Indian companies to disclose past and future investments in cryptocurrencies. The council — whose members include Bitex, CoinDCX, Paxful, Unocoin and WazirX — saw the decision as a sign that the government is moving towards an acceptance of cryptocurrencies that will help the industry to grow. “It is in a positive direction and would bring transparency, legitimacy, and structure to the industry,” said Sohail Merchan, CEO of BACC member Pocketbits. Srinivasan suggested crypto should be regulated under the existing Foreign Exchange Management Act. In late December, the Ministry’s Central Economic Intelligence Bureau recommended an 18% tax on Bitcoin transactions that would raise almost $1 billion.

RBI Pushes Crypto Ban in India

If the finance ministry is backtracking from a full ban, the independent central bank has doubled down on its hostility to crypto. The RBI tends to see crypto as a threat to its capital controls — something the Indian government has a decades-long history of enforcing, often to its detriment. In February, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said the bank has “major concerns from the financial stability angle.” That led WazirX CEO Nischal Shetty to argue that regulation would be more effective than a ban in ensuring financial stability. The RBI has a different opinion of central bank digital currencies (CBDCs), which would gain a legal framework in the proposed bill. That digital rupee is currently a “work in progress,” according to its governor.