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Power & Energy

About Power & Energy Industry

India’s power sector is one of the most diversified in the world. Sources of power generation range from conventional sources such as coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro, and nuclear power to viable non-conventional sources such as wind energy, solar energy, and agricultural and domestic waste energy.

India has the fifth largest power generation capacity in the world. The country ranks third globally in terms of electricity production. In May 2018, India ranked 4th in the Asia Pacific region out of 25 nations on an index that measures their overall power. Electricity production in India reached 1,201.543 Billion Units (BU) during FY18.

Renewable energy is fast emerging as a major source of power in India. Wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy in India, accounting for 52.27 per cent of total installed capacity (62.85 GW). There are plans to double wind power generation capacity to 60 GW by 2022. India has also raised the solar power generation capacity addition target by five times to 100 GW by 2022. The Union Government of India is preparing a ‘rent a roof’ policy for supporting its target of generating 40 gigawatts (GW) of power through solar rooftop projects by 2022. All the states and union territories of India are on board to fulfil the Government of India’s vision of ensuring 24×7 affordable and quality power for all by March 2019. Over 280 million LED bulbs were distributed to consumers in India by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under Unnati Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA). The Government of India has been supportive to growth in the power sector.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved commercial coal mining for private sector and the methodology of allocating coal mines via auction and allotment, thereby prioritizing transparency, ease of doing business and ensuring the use of natural resources for national development. The Ministry of Power has passed the guidelines for tariff based competitive bidding process for procurement of power from grid connected wind power projects.

The Government of India is planning to invite bids for the largest solar tender in the world, for installing 20 gigawatts (GW) of solar power capacity, to give a boost to manufacturing of solar power equipment in India. Foreign participation in the development and financing of generation and transmission assets, engineering services, equipment supply and technology collaboration in nuclear and clean coal technologies is also expected to increase.

Policy Regime:

Considering that FDI up to 100%, under the automatic route, is permitted in the power sector (except atomic energy) for generation, transmission, distribution of electricity and power trading, is the recent decision to permit foreign investment up to 49% in power exchanges a forward-looking step?

Power exchanges in India have greeted the government’s decision to allow 49% foreign investment in the sector, as it will help inject capital and global practices in the vital interface between buyers and sellers of electricity, and make the market more competitive. But the troubles of the power sector and regulatory issues involving exchanges may dampen the impact of the government’s decision to allow 49% foreign investment, with a limit of 26% on direct investment and 23% on institutional investment, for power trading exchanges.

Major players of the Industries

  • NTPC National Thermal Power Corp
  • Suzlon Group
  • Crompton Greaves
  • Siemens India
  • Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation
  • NHPC Ltd.
  • Powergrid Corporation of India Ltd.
  • JSW Energy
  • Havells India
  • Reliance Power Ltd.
  • Torrent Power
  • GVK Power
  • Voltas Ltd.

Legal services of Preach Law LLP

The firm provides advice on cutting-edge issues that cover multiple legal and business disciplines. Our expertise and understanding of the business is the foundation for providing full range of legal services including:

  • Arbitrations & Litigation
  • Foreign Investments
  • Regulatory
  • Structuring
  • Offset policy
  • Statutory Compliances
  • Joint Ventures
  • Contracts
  • Teaming Agreements
  • Auction/Bid Management etc.
  • Tax & Regulatory Structuring
  • Sourcing/Supply and Service Agreements.
  • Regulatory Approvals/Representations
  • Advisory Services
  • Review/Appeal of Administration Decisions.
  • Trademark, Patents and Copyrights registration, and prosecution.