What is Cyber Crime? and its impact.

What is cyber crime ? :

Computer Crime, E-Crime, Hi-Tech Crime or Electronic Crime is where a computer is the target of a crime or is the means adopted to commit a crime. Most of these crimes are not new. Criminals simply devise different ways to undertake standard criminal activities such as fraud, theft, blackmail, forgery, and embezzlement using the new medium, often involving the Internet

Types of Cyber Crime:

  • Hacking, Email Id Hacking, Web Site Hacking (Defacement)
  • Cyber Stalking (Social Networks and Emails)
  • Cyber Defamation (Social Networks and Emails)
  • Cyber Bullying (Social Networks and Emails)
  • Phishing
  • Vishing
  • Online Banking Frauds
  • Job Scams/ Frauds
  • Debit Cards/Credit Cards Cloning
  • Data Theft
  • Mobile Crimes
  • Spoofing ( EMAIL/ SMS)
  • Ecommerce Frauds with Identity Theft
  • Photo Morphing
  • Malicious email

Organized Cyber Crime:

  • Trojan Horse: Spywares/Malwares, RAT (Remote Access Tools), Keyloggers
  • Botnets: A botnet (also known as a zombie army) is a number of Internet computers that, although their owners are unaware of it, have been set up to forward transmissions (including spam or viruses) to other computers on the Internet. Any such computer is referred to as a zombie – in effect, a computer “robot” or “bot” that serves the wishes of some master spam or virus originator. Most computers compromised in this way are home based.
  • Denial of Service Attacks (DOS): Denial-of-service attack, a type of attack on a network that is designed to bring the network to its knees by flooding it with useless traffic.

Pornography (Adult/Child):

The Internet is being highly used by its abusers to reach and abuse children sexually, worldwide. The internet is very fast becoming a household commodity in India . It’s explosion has made the children a viable victim to the cyber crime. As more homes have access to internet, more children would be using the internet and more are the chances of falling victim to the aggression of pedophiles. The easy access to the pornographic contents readily and freely available over the internet lowers the inhibitions of the children. Pedophiles lure the children by distributing pornographic material, then they try to meet them for sex or to take their nude photographs including their engagement in sexual positions. Sometimes Pedophiles contact children in the chat rooms posing as teenagers or a child of similar age, and then they start becoming friendlier with them and win their confidence. Then slowly pedophiles start sexual chat to help children shed their inhibitions about sex and then call them out for personal interaction.

Written By : Krishna Kumar Mishra

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